Dry Cleaning – The Basics

So when it comes to dry cleaning, many customers simply drop into their local dry cleaner, leave their special garments and return a few hours later to find them returned to pristine condition. Yet what is it that goes on in the dry cleaning process and just how many types of dry cleaner options are available for your various garments and fabrics.

There are a number of processes that can be used when you go to the dry cleaner depending on the fabric and the stain, namely a dry clean, wet clean and laundering.

Dry Clean

A dry clean is basically when stains and washing is completed not through use of water but with a solvent. This solvent is used in the place of water to dissolve stains through a chemical process. This is highly appropriate for whenever a fabric is not suitable for contact with water or if fatty or greasy stains need to be removed, while still retaining that "like new" look for the garment.

The actual process of dry cleaning is two stages of pre-treatment and washing.

Pre-treatment involves applying specialised chemicals and treatments to specific stains and marks whereas washing is much like normal washing yet this is where the solvent is applied as opposed to water with the cleaning fluid distilled to ensure its clarity.

Wet Clean

Begins with much the same process with the same pre-treatment yet it is the washing process that differs with water and other detergents begin used in the washing. Although unlike a general washing machine, there are a number of chemicals added that prohibit any loss of colour, shrinkage or changing of the fabric.


While laundering at home will use a range of products and chemicals to remove general stains and dirt, professional laundering enhances on these chemicals to a stronger level in order to remove tougher stains using detergents, stain removers and finishers that retain the quality of the fabric.

When we say dry cleaning most people will simply assume this means the cleaning process reserved for sensitive fabrics used for suits, shirts, dresses, jackets and delicate clothes that simply can not be cleaned in a washing machine. Yet the scope of dry cleaning options is actually extended to carpets, rugs and fabric-covered furniture options with a dry cleaner able to come into a home to repair and remove and damage cause within the living space.

The dry cleaning method is best reserved for expensive rugs and carpets, especially those with a wool base.

Source by Glen Anthony Brown

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