Flooding is a common occurrence across America. Its one of the most common natural disasters and causes many deaths and financial troubles. Floods can occur anywhere and are caused by many scenarios such as; hurricanes and tropical storms, spring season, new construction, dams and levees. Hurricanes and tropical storms can cause severe damage with high winds and tons of rainfall. Hurricanes can cause damage hundreds of miles inland. An example would be North Carolina hurricanes can cause major amounts of rainfall in western Pennsylvania. Fortunately the weather stations can give us plenty of warning when large storms are emerging. This allows plenty of time for survival preparedness. The spring season is also full of rainfall.
The ground may still be frozen and therefore unable to absorb the water. This limited absorption can lead to flooding. Large amounts of rainfall in one area in any season can cause flash flooding. Flash flooding can be the most dangerous because it happens quickly and it can destroy structures. Survival Preparedness can save many lives in this kind of flood. New construction can change the natural drainage of the land and create flood risks in the communities. Survival preparedness in this scenario would be educating yourself before investing in a new property.Just looking at a piece of property after a heavy rainfall can give lots of clues to the drainage of the land. Levees and dams can cause flooding because over time they can become decayed and weak if not properly maintained.
Now we have identified causes of flooding, according to the CDC there are many steps for survival preparedness; be educated about flood zones in your area; learn community emergency plans, plan and practice a flood evacuation route with your family. Ask an out of state friend or relative to be your contact person in case of a disaster and family gets separated. Make sure everyone in the family has the number and address of this person. Inform local authorities about special needs. Identify home hazards, if there is standing water shut off electrical power before you evacuate. Turn off gas and water supplies. have a fire extinguisher, you can have back flow valves or plugs to prevent water from entering through your drains, toilets or other sewage connections. Anchor fuel tanks because it could contaminate basement if torn free. An outside tank could cause damage to other houses if left un-anchored. These tasks along with a survival kit can save lives and and damage. Flood season will soon be approaching, take charge and keep your family safe just by being prepared.