It is unhealthy and unsafe to live in a house where the basement floods on regular or annual bases. If you have a flooding problem you need to address it immediately, the safety of your family is at stake. Where there is moisture there is mold and mildew there are health risks that can cause all kinds of health problems not to mention potential structural problems with your home down the road.
This job is best left to the professionals, but if you do not have the money or want to tackle the job yourself, there are some things you can do.
Divert rain water drains away from your home as a precautionary measure to prevent flooding. The downspouts used to divert rain water must be pointed away from the home. Clear rain-gutters and make sure leaves and twigs do not block the flow of water.
Ensure that rain water does not accumulate around the house in the form of puddles. This is likely to increase the moisture in the soil. Rainwater pits around the house can drain the water away from your home.
Grading for proper drainage
Ensure that there is proper grading done to the soil around your home. This should ensure that water drains away from the home and into the street. The water should not drain into your basement or foundation or to your neighbor's home.
Your basement can experience flooding because of leaks and backed up sewer lines. These may occur due to poor maintenance of the sewer lines or buildup of waste matter in the sewer. There are various precautions you can take to prevent leaks from the sewage lines and pipes.
Floor drains can be made to drain out the excess water from under the basement. An overhead sewer can be used to act like a standpipe to hold the overflowing water. A backwater valve can be used to prevent sewer lines from overflowing into the basement. However, you may need to get a permit from the local municipal authority to get a backwater valve installed. The valve closes automatically and works with an ejector pump to push the waste water into the sewer lines.
Sump Pit Drainage
You can install a sump pit, sump pump and discharge pipe to take care of the water that leaks into the basement floor. The sump pit is installed under the basement. The water is diverted into the pit from the weeping tiles around the basement. The pump pushes the water collected in the pit out of the house through the discharge pipe. You can also install a battery operated backup sump pump to provide additional protection.
It is better to install a generator to provide backup power to all your important electrical circuits. This would supply power to the electric heating system, sump pump, septic tank pump and refrigerator when there is power outage. This will ensure that during heavy rains or a storm your basement stays protected.
Additional Preventive Measures
Consult with local authorities or a qualified plumber about other preventive measures to prevent basement flooding. Get you plumbing fixtures checked regularly to avoid blocked drains and leaks. Protect the basement walls from water damage by using water resistant paint or ceramic tiles.
Damaged Foundation Repairs
It may be that the cause of your flooding a damaged foundation wall. If this is the case you need to have a proper foundation inspection done. Foundation repair can be expensive but the longer you put off repairs the worse things get.
Well that's about it, I hope this information has been helpful.
George Parker Ferguson