Balance is vital in interior design as without it and regardless of style the interior simply will not work. Knowing how to create visual balance is important in terms of dealing with details that may be impossible to change and understanding how to achieve a sense of rhythm and continuity in a room. It is therefore important to understand how to choose items that add points of interest to your interior design without detracting from other elements. The use of elements such as pattern and texture can be introduced to create a scheme that is pleasing on all levels.
Pattern is a 'repeated decorative design whether on carpet, wallpaper, fabric or elsewhere.' A repeat pattern usually follows a logical order, whereas a random pattern can be a combination of shape and colors. One of the main attractions of using a pattern in interior design is that it can be used to suggest a certain period or style. However, when using pattern in interior design it is important to take into consideration some key points. Large scaled patterns should generally be kept to large areas and smaller patterns on small areas. When combining patterns it is important that the scheme does not become too overpowering as it will cause a restless feeling. Finally, if displaying objects or pictures which you want to have a prominent feature of the design, they are best set against a fairly plain background as they could well be lost against a pattern.
The use of textured surfaces in interior design is an effective way of creating subtle visual interest. Different textures can be used to suggest different moods and styles. For example, a fabric in crushed velvet would have an air of luxury and richness about it which is better suited to more formal settings, whereas lightweight cottons suggest a more informal environment. Chairs finished in leather with deep button back upholstery would indicate a sense of formality and seriousness about it, whereas the same chair finished in a corduroy fabric would suggest a much comfortable and inviting feeling. The final choice of fabric should be determined by the mood and atmosphere that you want a room to convey.
Often when designing an interior it is not unusual for people to try and find similar textures. However, pairing illegally textures can result in some lovely individual effects and a great deal of fun can be had by experimenting with different ideas. Putting contrasting textures together can create excitement in a scheme and without it any interior design will be bland and boring. The use of textures is particularly important in today's society with the trend towards more minimal interiors. The key to success is to get the balance right and this takes time, planning and experimentation.